Afyonkarahisar is located in central west Anatolia part of Aegean Region with 14540 km2 surface area. Afyonkarahisar is in the position of an inter-regional cross roads connecting Turkey’s eastern part to the west and northern part to the south via highways and railways route. Afyonkarahisar to Ankara takes 3 hours with car or bus. From Afyonkarahisar to İstanbul takes about 5 hours with car or bus and 1 h with plane.
The name of Afyon Kara Hisar (literally «opium black castle» in Turkish), since opium was widely grown here and there is a castle on a black rock. Also known simply as Afyon. Older spellings include Karahisar-i Sahip, Afium-Kara-hissar and Afyon Karahisar. The city was known as Afyon (opium), until the name was changed to Afyonkarahisar by the Turkish Parliament in 2004.
Owing to this location at the intersection point of important highways and railways and geographical position, acces to Afyonkarahisar is easy and take place in much shorter time for the domestic and international passengers with The International Zafer Airport.
The top of the rock in Afyon has been fortified for a long time. The city has a 5000 years history. It was known to the Hittites as Hapanuwa, and was later occupied by Phrygians, Lydians and Persians until it was conquered by Alexander the Great. After the death of Alexander, the city was ruled by the Seleucids and the kings of Pergamon, then Rome and Byzantium.The Byzantine emperor Leo III after his victory over Arab besiegers in 740 renamed the city Nicopolis (Greek for “city of victory”). The Seljuq Turks then arrived in 1071 and changed its name to Kara Hissar (“black castle”) after the ancient fortress situated upon a volcanic rock 201 meters above the town. Following the dispersal of the Seljuqs the town was occupied by the Sâhib Ata and then the Germiyanids. The area thrived during the Ottoman Empire, as the centre of opium production and Afyon became a wealthy city with the typical Ottoman urban mixture of differend societies. Afyonkarahisar had also an important role of Turkish War of independence (1919-1922)
Important transport details for participants:
1. Zafer airport is about 50 minutes away to the city center.
2. The guests who will come to the symposium from the north, south and east provinces of Turkey may prefer to travel from Ankara to Afyonkarahisar (approximately 3 hours) on the basis of the short flight frequency to Zafer Airport and the length of transportation to city center from Zafer airport.